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CNS - Clinical Nurse Specialist - Dump Information

Vendor : Medical
Exam Code : CNS
Exam Name : Clinical Nurse Specialist
Questions and Answers : 20 Q & A
Updated On : October 20, 2017
PDF Download Mirror : CNS Brain Dump
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CNS Questions and Answers

Details:AOCNS Practice Test

QUESTION: 16

Which of the following cancers is the leading killer worldwide?

  1. Stomach
  2. Lung
  3. Colon
  4. Liver

Answer: B


QUESTION: 17

Cancer incidence is:

  1. The same as prevalence
  2. The number or percent of people alive in the population who have had a diagnosis of cancer
  3. The number of new cancers of a specific site/type in the population during 1 year
  4. None of the above

Answer: C


QUESTION: 18

Which of the following cancer types has decreased the most in incidence during the previous decade?

  1. Prostate
  2. Lung
  3. Female breast
  4. Melanoma

Answer: A


QUESTION: 19

Which of the following races has the highest mortality due to cancer?

  1. African American
  2. Hispanic
  3. Caucasian
  4. Asians

Answer: A


QUESTION: 20

Female breast cancer:

  1. Accounts for 30% of all cancer-related deaths among women
  2. Will develop in one out of eight or nine women during her lifetime
  3. The five-year survival rate is about 50%
  4. All of the above

Answer: B


Medical CNS Exam (Clinical Nurse Specialist ) Detailed Information

Medical CNS

CNS exam :: Article by ArticleForgeDozens of locals compete for 15 firefighter spots (CNS): The Cayman Islands hearth service has begun the competitive factor of its recruitment technique to fill 15 entry-stage jobs. officers said that 79 Caymanian applicants who met the criteria test once they applied took the 20 query fireplace service entry exam closing week. The skills recruits have been validated on their competencies of simple grammar, analyzing comprehension and mathematical reasoning.
candidates who rating 80 % or larger on the written examination will take the physical skill look at various for candidates later this month.
“The turnout became dazzling, and i am delighted to peer so many candidates reveal interest in a future career with the fireplace service,” Chief fire Officer David Hails mentioned. “we're decided to locate passionate and hardworking people who are inclined to do whatever thing it takes to serve and give protection to this group.”
Human aid manager Clara Smith, who helped habits the trying out, along with Human useful resource Officer Kandie Hurlston, at the George city Public Library, referred to she became heartened that, whereas there have been a couple of no suggests, most of the candidates arrived on the checking out facility “early, keen and excited for the opportunity”.
Chief Hails referred to the next circular of physical exams would make certain that those who make the written grade are also bodily healthy, can swim to the authorised normal, can deal with being restricted in small spaces and cope with heights.
applicants in Cayman Brac will take their entry examination later this month.
Tags: Cayman Islands hearth provider
category: Jobs, local information

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  • or not it's filled with the essential suggestions you're going to need in order to do smartly on the look at various: the ideas, strategies, ideas, and vocabulary that the American Nurses Credentialing middle (ANCC) expects you to have mastered earlier than sitting for the examination.The Direct Care section covers:
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    adult CNS-examination0 whats up all.I achieved my MSN program in december, and sat for the adult CNS examination yesterday... and i FAILED! such an embarrassment, humiliation, failure, i used to be so certain of myself and this look at various... all and sundry I talked to pointed out not to fret, no should really study CNS. I don't know what went incorrect, one of the crucial questions have been so vague, I could not even get rid of to the correct 2 selections.... I didn't do the online overview route, regretting it now, all I did became examine via a booklet I bought on-line and a few material from my MSN application... I scored low in analysis, which boggles my intellect in view that i was a analysis assistant and published in a couple of journals!!so now i'm having no luck contacting the ANCC related to the brand new check blueprint. not to certain which test I must take now!any one else during this determined circumstance??? the examine blueprint changes on April 5, 2011.... oh gosh, tears are beginning once more
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    Paleo In Portland For My CNS exam Northwest Paleo pride if you reign from the Pacific Northwest (like myself), then you definately recognize precisely why it’s nicknamed the “brilliant Northwest”… because living between the Cascade mountains and the Pacific Ocean is relatively dang first-rate! no longer best is it beautiful, clean, lush, and green, nevertheless it’s also a simple region to devour Paleo with an abundance of native, organic, and seasonal meats and greens attainable yr circular at farmers markets and native food cooperatives. I are living up in the San Juan Islands of Washington state, and it’s mainly magical up here. take a look at the orca whale we spotted from our boat last summer time!
    good enough enough about Washington, let’s talk about Oregon, the different outstanding state of the Pacific Northwest. did you know that Paleo Plan was born and raised in Portland, Oregon? And do you know that within the mythical metropolis of Portlandia, they've Paleo meals carts!? That’s correct cavepeeps, Paleo speedy food to-go…it’s a Paleo dream come authentic!
    Paleo quick food i was so excited to be assigned with Portland as my vicinity to take the board examination for the certified meals professional® (CNS) certification remaining month, as I’ve been expecting an excuse to project down south to take a look at the fabled Paleo meals carts. It turned into a whirlwind shuttle, but I managed to make time to talk over with not one…but two Paleo food carts whereas i was there! My intellect turned into a bit of blown to find that there are truly THREE distinctive Paleo meals carts and one restaurant in Portland…each and every that includes a a little bit diverse preference of piping scorching PALEO quickly meals (I by no means notion i'd be using those words in conjunction). mutually, these 4 Paleo food havens are typical because the Cultured Caveman.
    After my four+ hour monster of an exam, i was ravenous from all that hard-core pondering nutrients, and changed into in fact read CNSy for some nutrition myself. “Siri, take me to the cultured Caveman.” >>>  It become somewhat surreal standing in entrance of a food cart in the center of downtown Portland, realizing that I could order the rest on the menu devoid of worry of it making me ailing. I rarely dine out nowadays, becauseeating industrial seed oils causes my autoimmune diseases to flare. seeing that the massive majority of restaurants use crappy oils (i.e. canola, sunflower, safflower, soy, corn, “vegetable” oil, and so on.) to smash…I suggest cook dinner their meals in, there aren’t many areas i will go out to consume without fitting a vomitous hive-covered mess afterwards. so that you can be aware my cheerleader-like enthusiasm when I saw this signage placing within the window on the Cultured Caveman! Whoo hoo!
    Cultured Caveman Grub To-Go on account that I’m nevertheless mentally recuperating from my long-term vegetarianism, organ meats are inclined to make me slightly squeamish. It’s impressive how real starvation obliterates those irrational concepts (that organ meats are gross). anyhow, I fearlessly chowed down some liver-heart meatballs on the downtown cart…and the most effective element i assumed twice about turned into how scrumptious they had been! I ate them in a combination bowl with some Brazilian pulled hen, Brussels broccoli mash, and warm collards & William Maxwell Aitken. The carrier changed into so flippin’ fabulously quick, that it allowed me time to move talk over with the Alberta street cart as well, where I took down an order of Paleo hen tenders and some 1st Baron Beaverbrook almond dates for dessert. Did I mention that they have hot grass-fed bone broth to-go!? I felt like i was in Paleo heaven.
    i used to be (obviously) absolutely impressed with my trips to the aesthetic Caveman, and may’t wait to seek advice from their restaurant the next time I find myself in Portland. seems I received’t be returning to Portland every time quickly…at least now not to re-take the CNS exam…because I currently bought observe that I passed the board examination with flying hues! After many years of learning, practising, discovering, interning, and worrying all my friends with ongoing discussions about nutrients…i am so satisfied to announce that I now hang my certified nutrients professional® (CNS) credential! The CNS is heralded as one of the crucial prestigious food credentials a person can acquire, and it’s the optimum stage of certification that i can obtain with my master of Science in Human foodstuff. I believe like I’ve reached the summit of a mountain….and seem! There’s Paleo quickly food up here! ;-)
    All Nutritionists are not Created Equal alas the notice  “nutritionist” doesn’t suggest an awful lot in the experience that it can also be relating to an individual who holds a PhD in nutrition, or a person who bought their degree from a diploma mill. There are actually tons of of food courses and levels out there, lots of which are questionable to claim the least. individuals working in the complement and health industries often name themselves “nutritionists” or simply dish out dietary information as they see fit. besides the fact that children, many of these individuals don’t have a lick of specific training within the box of foodstuff. sadly, the time period “nutritionist” is virtually meaningless. The problem in a nutshell is that the container of nutrition lacks a single governing physique to adjust the a considerable number of meals levels, and the requirements also vary wildly via State as to what constitutes a “nutritionist”. This makes it extraordinarily difficult and downright bad to customers who entrust their fitness care to somebody who should be would becould very well be claiming to know greater than they basically do.
    while nutritionists and food courses range from legitimate to ridiculous, there are two enormously considered degrees which require a minimum of a master of Science or doctorate degree from a locally-approved establishment: the certified meals professional® (CNS) and the licensed medical Nutritionist (CCN). I worked my buns off for basically a decade at the tuition stage to eventually achieve my license in meals, so it’s relatively frustrating (and scary) that just about anybody can get away with practicing nutrients or calling themselves a “nutritionist”. It’s up to patrons to do their research earlier than finding out who to have confidence for dietary counsel, and the center for meals Advocacy has some effective suggestions to help guide individuals in a secure route. There are always exceptions to rules, but in general you may still be in good palms working with a CNS, CCN, or a Registered Dietitian (RD) who has extended their considering beyond the scope of the American Dietetic affiliation. The only manner that the field of food will ever become unified, is if consumers and credentialed nutritionists retain demanding an improved usual for licensure. in the meantime, be certain to do your research and question americans’s credentials earlier than you go trusting just anybody for probably life-altering tips! in case you’re interested in working one-on-one with one in every of our absolutely-licensed and totally educated nutritionists at Paleo Plan, take a look at our private Paleo coaching web page for more info about the way to get all started.
    In first rate health,
    Kinsey Jackson, LMP, BS, MS, CN, CNS
    References: The Certification Board of foodstuff specialists (“CBNS”) owns the certification mark certified food expert® in the u.s., which it awards to people who efficaciously finished the initial and ongoing certification requirements based by using the CBNS.
    About Kinsey Jackson Kinsey Jackson, LMP, MS, CNS® is a clinical nutritionist focusing on useful and evolutionary nutrients. Her own experience of overcoming varied autoimmune issues through adopting a Paleo subculture vastly contributes to her passion for helping others to additionally reclaim their fitness and vitality through making informed dietary decisions. View all posts by using Kinsey Jackson → sign in for our e-newsletter sustain up to now with Paleo Plan information, recipes, and blog posts.

    Optimization of the optical transparency of rodent tissues by modified PACT-based passive clearing
    citation: Experimental & Molecular medicine (2016) 48, e274; doi:10.1038/emm.2016.105Published online 2 December 2016
    suitable of page Introduction
    Clear Lipid-exchanged Acrylamide-hybridized inflexible Imaging-suitable Tissue-hYdrogel (read CNSability) tissue-clearing technologies create optically clear images that supply advances in organic systems.1, 2 The clarity and passive clarity technique (PACT) methods increase tissue permeability with the aid of replacing the lipid bilayer of the plasma membrane with a hydrogel.three, 4 These methods hold the intact constitution of the brain, permitting the projection of nerve tracts along with three-dimensional (3D) and topological reconstruction.
    read CNSability promotes an accelerated cost of clearing in undissected tissues by the use of electrodynamic force.1 PACT and PARS (perfusion-assisted agent liberate in situ) can additionally generate optical transparency within the brain and inside organs via a perfusion-based passive clearing approach.three, four further methodologies for clearing tissue have also been suggested, corresponding to Scale3 SeeDB,four ClearT,5 CUBIC6 and swap.7
    The read CNSability method employs robust digital forces that may also doubtlessly trigger tissue damage; however, a fresh report has cautioned that a deliver of optimized electrophoretic tissue clearing (etc) conditions with 250 and 280 mA reduces such risk.8 in addition, PACT can read CNSily produce optical transparency and reduce tissue hurt within the mouse brain and different organs, but these elements require greater time.9, 10 at the moment, the method has now not been extensively implemented to achieve the clearing of bigger model organisms, similar to rats and guinea pigs.
    in addition, a few experiences have suggested barriers in attaining optical transparency in specific areas within the relevant nervous equipment (CNS); tissue-clearing suggestions have additionally not yet been utilized to the complete CNS kind. The present examine proposes novel methodology for facilitating the speedy clearing of the total CNS and interior organs the use of systemic and cerebrospinal circulation.
    We sought to cut back the time vital for the passive clearing circumstances of the latest PACT. We especially concentrated on the blood vessel patterns of all organs using confocal microscopy. This analyze means that tissue clearing is constructive and easily utilized to the physiological and anatomical evaluation of the vascular device in various tissues of a diverse assortment of animals.
    proper of page substances and techniques Experimental animals
    grownup male C57BL/6 mice (25–30 g) have been bought from Koatech Inc. (Gyeonggi-Do, Korea), and adult male SD rats and male Hartley guinea-pigs (250–350 g) have been bought from Orient Inc. (Gyeonggi-Do, Korea). Mouse embryos have been isolated on day 13.5 of being pregnant in BALB mice received from the Laboratory Animal analysis center of Yonsei school (Seoul, Korea). All experimental methods involving animals have been performed in keeping with the animal resource instructions of Yonsei university.
    Passive read CNSability Perfusion of experimental rodents  
    After anesthesia, the thorax of quite a few types of rodents (mouse, rat and guinea pig) become opened, and an incision become made in the correct atrium of the coronary heart. Perfusion washing was carried out with equal volumes of bloodless 0.1 M phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) containing 10 unit ml−1 heparin (quantity for mice: 20 ml, for rats and guinea pigs: 200 ml) and cold four% paraformaldehyde (PFA) solution the use of a 50-ml syringe. The CNS became rescued following the regular strategies.
    amendment of PACT  
    Cultures have been based from the entire CNS (mind and spinal wire) and organs from the mounted bodies of mice and rats on a clear bench. every tissue was transferred to ample four% PFA solution to cowl the tissue in a 50-ml tube and kept at four °C for 24 h. mounted tissue turned into washed for 1 h with 0.1 M PBS in a 50-ml tube after which transferred to adequate satisfactory A4P0 answer (four% acrylamide in PBS) to cowl the tissue in a 50-ml tube at 37 °C for twenty-four h. subsequent the tissue turned into covered with 0.25% VA-044 (Wako Pure Chemical Industries Ltd., Osaka, Japan) in 0.1 M PBS in a 50-ml tube at room temperature for six to 24 h. After treatment with VA-044, the samples have been embedded with nitrogen fuel for 10 min, and the tissue become transferred to a 50-ml Falcon tube containing adequate clearing answer (8% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in 0.1 M PBS, pH eight.0) with 0.5% α-thioglycerol (Sigma-Aldrich, Inc., St Louis, MO, u . s .) to cowl the tissue; the pattern turned into then incubated with shaking at a hundred and fifty r.p.m. for 37 °C until the tissue cleared.
    combined PARS-mPACT  
    each perfused fastened physique become transferred to a perfusion chamber for total-physique perfusion in the course of the correct atrium of the coronary heart by way of an 18-gauge needle that turned into connected to a peristaltic pump. Fluid became circulated during the body at a pace of 10 ml min−1. The wash begun with a hundred ml of 4% PFA for four h at room temperature in the chamber, adopted by way of washing with a hundred ml of 0.1 M PBS for 3 h below the same circumstances. next 200 ml of A4P0 answer was circulated right through the physique for 2 h. The infused body became then incubated for three h at 37 °C to degas for two min under nitrogen fuel and polymerized with the aid of the perfusion of 200 ml of recirculating 0.25% VA-044 in PBS for 3 h. The total CNS (brain and spinal twine) and a number of organs had been extracted from each and every physique on a clear bench. The complete CNS changed into extracted as up to now stated. The extracted tissues had been transferred to clearing solution (8% SDS, 0.5% α-thioglycerol in 0.1 M PBS) in a 50-ml tube and incubated with shaking at one hundred fifty r.p.m. for 37 °C unless visible clearing of the tissue became observed. Rat leg bones lacking lipid clearing after the PARS method have been area to decalcification (deCAL) 5 instances over 15 days with 50 ml of Calci-Clear speedy decalcifying solution (countrywide Diagnostics, Atlanta, GA, us of a), which turned into changed after four days. The decalcified bones have been prepared in keeping with the modified PACT (mPACT) formulation and had been cleared and set up with Nycodenz-primarily based refractive index media solution (nRIMS) answer. For further guidance, confer with Supplementary figure three.
    read CNSability
    The adult rat physique turned into perfused with 200 ml of bloodless 0.1 M PBS answer, adopted by 200 ml of cold hydrogel solution with a mix (cold four% PFA, 4% acrylamide, 0.05% bis-acrylamide and zero.25% VA-044 in 0.1 M PBS) the usage of a 50-ml syringe. The CNS turned into retrieved following standard methods and incubated in fresh hydrogel monomer solution at four °C for 1 day. The hydrogel answer become embedded with nitrogen gas for 10 min and polymerized by using incubation for 3 h at 37 °C. The CNS was faraway from excess hydrogel and placed in an and so forth chamber. The clearing answer (four% SDS and 200 mM boric acid, pH 8.5) turned into circulated at a speed of two l min−1 notwithstanding the etc chamber and the connected circulator (ECO RE-415, LAUDA-Brinkmann, Lauda-okönigshofen, Germany), and 30 V became utilized for 1–2 weeks at 37 °C.
    nRIMS imaging media with RI 1.forty six
    The cleared tissue become gently washed in 0.1 M PBS for 1 h and transferred to a brand new tube containing nRIMS solution and nil.8 g ml−1 Nycodenz (Axis-shelter Density Gradient Media, Oslo, Norway) in 30 ml of base buffer (0.01% sodium azide and nil.1% Tween-20 in 0.1 M PBS, pH 7.5). All tissues have been incubated in nRIMS answer for two–10 days or until they became transparent at room temperature. All clear pictures of tissues have been captured the usage of a digital digicam (SM-G925S, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd, Suwon, Korea).
    Immunostaining and practise for imaging
    nRIMS-handled tissue became washed with 0.1 M PBS for a duration of 5 h to in a single day until nRIMS clearing took place. each washed tissue turned into sectioned into 4-mm-thick sections with a blade. All clarified tissue turned into then incubated with 0.1% Triton X-100 (Sigma-Aldrich) in 0.1 M PBS for two h and blocked with 2% bovine serum albumin in 0.1 M PBS for six h. Immunostaining became carried out for two days the usage of a main anti-rabbit CD31 antibody (1:one hundred, Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc., Dallas, TX, u . s . a .) after three washes with PBST (0.1% Tween-20 in 0.1 M PBS) solution for two h. next sections had been incubated with a secondary antibody goat anti-rabbit-IgG Cy3 fluorescent conjugate (1:500, Jackson ImmunoResearch Inc., West Grove, PA, country) in 2% bovine serum albumin for 2 days. The labeled tissue become washed three times with PBST answer for two h and saved in 15 ml of nRIMS answer for 2–10 days. before imaging, the Cy3-labeled tissue was moved and fixed with a small volume of nRIMS answer on 35- or 60-mm tissue subculture dishes with silicone around the backside edge of the dish. subsequent 1.5–2 ml of clean nRIMS answer was introduced, and the dish turned into lined. For additional guidelines, confer with Supplementary determine 2.
    photo processing of 3D images
    photographs of cleared tissues were received with tile scanning using an LSM-780 confocal laser scanning microscope (Cal Zeiss, Jena, Germany) with × 10 magnification and the Zeiss software. The video clips had been edited to serial pictures using the Vegas seasoned 12.0 software (Sony agency, Tokyo, Japan).
    right of page results generation of a clear mannequin of the CNS and inner organs the use of a modified passive clearing approach
    For postpolymerization clearing of the hydrogel-embedded rat CNS samples, an electric field become applied in an and many others. however previous stories informed the use of a high voltage (30 V), this level become discovered to trigger discoloration and the deposition of black particles in handled rat CNS samples (Supplementary determine 1). To tackle this subject, we optimized the parameters worried in the usage of PACT to clear CNS samples.
    As shown in figure 1, clear tissue was abruptly created with passive clearing below distinctive conditions. psPACT (system-separate PACT) used separate medicine processes of 4% acrylamide (A4P0) solution and nil.25% VA-044 initiator answer for the hydrogel formation of the tissue; these situations differed from these of the common PACT method. mPACT added 0.5% α-thioglycerol, as in the prior to now pronounced SeeDB formulation,4 to the 8% SDS clearing solution of the psPACT components. For both methods, the intact tissues have been incubated in 37 °C shaking incubator except maximal clearance became performed. As shown in figure 2a, psPACT cleared the whole CNS in 20 days, while PACT required 23 days. In distinction, mPACT unexpectedly and absolutely cleared the complete CNS in exactly 14 days. every cleared mouse CNS was incubated in nRIMS mounting media unless clear. Day 14 samples processed by the use of psPACT and mPACT are in comparison and presented in figure 2b.
    determine 1. Schematic representation of modification of passive clearing methods. The individual reagents used for polymerization in the PACT-based mostly methods are shown, as smartly because the polymerization step used to conduct the passive clearing step in this look at. The bins in parentheses indicate the steps of the designed formulation.
    Full determine and legend (186K) determine 2. Mouse CNS clearing performance and evaluation of modified methods. (a) The optical transparency turned into in comparison for the whole CNS of grownup mice the usage of psPACT, mPACT and PACT. Left, CNS washed with PBS after fixation with 4% PFA. All CNS pictures were produced with a black go lattice (width 5 mm) because the background on the clearing day. (b) comparison of the three methods in complete CNS of mice cleared after 14 days through mPACT (left), psPACT (center) and fashioned PACT (correct). (c) Visualization of CD31 labeling the intact mouse spinal twine with mPACT. We acquired 4 (2 × 2, horizontal × vertical tiles) tiled scans of each go-part and a couple of tiled scans of the sagittal part, and then we built 3D projection images (a hundred μm steps) the usage of z-stacking. (d, e) assessment between the three strategies in four-mm-thick rat mind samples: mPACT, psPACT and the fashioned PACT. The clearing effects of rat brain part are proven in (d). The transparency of all cleared samples turned into evident in opposition t a patterned history (size:width=5 mm:5 mm). The samples were stained with anti-CD31 and Cy3 antibodies and incubated in nRIMS. The transparency of all cleared samples become evident in opposition t a patterned background (size:width=5 mm:5 mm). (f) The total image of each and every pattern turned into created from serial single z-pictures (z=1700–2650 μm) of the blood vessel pattern the use of a confocal microscopy and (g) from the 3D projection photo (z=90 μm) of a focused blood vessel within the mind of psPACT.
    Full determine and legend (428K)
    To investigate the major blood vessels in the entire organism, the microvasculature of the mouse spinal cord turned into stained using anti-CD31 mouse and Cy3-conjugated antibodies and became because of this examined the usage of confocal microscopy (determine 2c). additionally, blood vessel pictures have been analyzed using the rat brains that have been cleared via mPACT (5 days), psPACT (7 days) and the original PACT (10 days) and because of this processed into 4-mm thick sections (Figures second–g).
    next the finest passive clearing conditions for the entire interior organs of adult mice had been decided for mPACT, psPACT and the customary PACT. whole liver samples have been cleared with mPACT (18 days), psPACT (20 days) and the long-established PACT (22 days) (figure 3a). complete lung samples were cleared with mPACT (14 days), psPACT (14 days) and the fashioned PACT (18 days) (figure 3b). The coronary heart, stoma, salivary gland and pancreas accomplished clarity after 15–17 days with mPACT, and they cleared after 17–21 days with psPACT and the customary PACT (Figures 3c–f).
    determine 3. Clearing performance for mouse interior organs and comparison of the modified methods. The optical transparency changed into compared in the adult mouse (a) whole liver, (b) whole lung (ventral and dorsal), (c) coronary heart, (d) stoma, (e) salivary gland and (f) pancreas following PACT, mPACT and psPACT clearing. Left, the organ washed with PBS after fixation with four% PFA. The transparency of all cleared samples became evident against a patterned background (size:width=5 mm:5 mm).
    Full determine and legend (465K)
    the use of these passive methods, we have been in a position to visualize intact, clear models of the entire CNS and quite a few organs, although the clearing instances differed among the many three methods (Supplementary table 1). The optimized passive clearing strategies done organ clarity in a shorter size of time (Supplementary table 1). Taken collectively, these results suggest that the mPACT clearing formula can generate clear organs extra stably and rapidly than the outdated passive clearing strategies.
    generation of transparent mouse embryos
    To check the sufficiency of tissue clearing, mouse embryos have been processed by the use of mPACT at a considerable number of tiers of embryonic building. The embryos at degrees E9.5, E10.5, E11.5 and E13.5 have been without problems cleared via mPACT in three days (figure 4a), and the transparency turned into evident against a patterned heritage.
    figure four. mPACT-cleared mouse embryos all over developmental tiers. (a) photo of cleared mouse embryos (E9.5 E10.5, E11.5 and E13.5) captured with a black go lattice (width 5 mm) because the background. All embryos had been mPACT-cleared for 3–4 days. (b) Tail area visualization of a CD31-labeled embryo (E11.5) cleared with mPACT. We got 3D projection photos (220 μm steps) the use of a × 10 purpose lens and z-stacked them. The yellow arrow indicates a blood vessel of the tail. The transparency of the cleared embryos was evident against a patterned heritage (length:width=5 mm:5 mm).
    Full determine and legend (178K)
    To examine the initiation of the angiogenesis process of the notochord in embryos, the blood vessel patterns which are critical for backbone era in mouse building had been examined the usage of anti-CD31 antibodies and confocal microscopy. We efficiently generated z-stack photographs of the blood vessel sample in the notochord of the tail area at embryonic day 11.5 (determine 4b). The records from the clear embryo fashions point out that the mPACT components will also be used to clear embryos of different developmental ranges without and so on. The transparent embryos facilitated the use of 3D-phenotypic evaluation to analyze angiogenesis all over embryogenesis.
    technology of a transparent CNS and organs via perfusion-based mostly passive clearing ideas
    The present look at additionally sought to follow the aforementioned passive tissue clearing methods in higher mannequin organisms. The total perfusion technique is noteworthy in that it increases the transparency of the entire body and inner organs, as with the CB-perfusion components.eleven for this reason we analyzed whether the mixture of our mPACT components and PARS might additionally improve whole-body perfusion methods (figure 1). The PARS-mPACT components turned into in line with the experimental situations of the total perfusion and mPACT passive clearing strategies (Supplementary figure three).
    Tissues have been initially subjected to PARS and had been fastened by the use of transcardial perfusion of 1% PBS with 100 unit ml−1 heparin and four% PFA, as well as whole perfusion of four% acrylamide solution and zero.25% VA-044 in PBS, for two days with the aid of peristaltic pump. Polymerized tissues had been then isolated and passively cleared in keeping with the mPACT protocol.
    A comparison of the optical transmittance executed with PARS-mPACT and mPACT on my own showed that standard transparency of the total rat CNS changed into done after 21 days (determine 5a). We verified that the brain tissue cleared via PARS-mPACT maintained resilience. No fabulous changes have been recognized between the two methods based on the appearance of the entire rat CNS. Imaging of blood vessel patterns turned into performed, focusing on the lumbar spinal nerve vicinity, including the cauda equina (figure 6a, and Supplementary films 5 and 6). The guinea pig CNS required 25 days for clearing through PARS-mPACT (determine 5b), which become anticipated owing to its better size.
    determine 5. Rat CNS and inner organ clearing performance and assessment of PARS-mPACT and mPACT. (a) Optical transparency comparison of the grownup rats complete CNS cleared with PARS-mPACT and mPACT. (b) grownup guinea pig brain cleared with PARS-mPACT. Left, CNS washed with PBS after fixation with 4% PFA. The transparency of all cleared samples became evident in opposition t a patterned heritage (size:width=5 mm:5 mm). Optical transparency comparison of the grownup rat (c) kidney, (d) spleen, (e) parotid gland and (f) pancreas the use of PARS-mPACT and mPACT clearing. (g) Lung (ventral and dorsal), (h) grownup rat and guinea pig hearts, (i) genital organs (testicle, ductus deferens, and urinary bladder), (j) salivary gland and (okay) entire liver cleared with the aid of PARS-mPACT. Left, organ washed with PBS after fixation with 4% PFA. The transparency of all cleared samples changed into evident in opposition t a patterned historical past (length:width=5 mm:5 mm).
    Full determine and legend (398K) figure 6. Blood vessel imaging of the lumbar spinal nerves within the cleared spleen and lung of grownup rats. four-millimeter move-sections of a PARS-mPACT-cleared adult rat spleen and complete caudal lung lobe were stained with anti-CD31 simple antibody to label blood vessels. (a) 3D projection of the blood vessel sample specializing in the lumbar spinal nerve vicinity, including the cauda equine; the desirable (z=500 μm) and backside (z=900 μm) pictures were 1 × 3 tiled. (b) Spleen, got serial single z-images (z=1700–1950 μm, yellow colour) of 36 (four × 9, horizontal × vertical tiles) tiled scan photos and a 3D projection image of the z-stack (z=350 μm imaging stack depth). (c) whole caudal lobe of the lung, serial single z-images (z=200–700 μm, purple color) of 224 (16 × 14, horizontal × vertical tiles) tiled scan photos using a × 10 objective lens. The cleared rat kidney changed into created the use of the PARS-mPACT formulation and sectioned to 4-mm thickness. (d) The transparency of the cleared rat kidney turned into evident in opposition t a patterned heritage (size:width=5 mm:5 mm). The samples are proven after immunostaining with anti-CD31 and Cy3 antibodies and incubation in nRIMS, and they showed transparency (true left). The entire photograph of each sample was created from serial single z-photographs of the blood vessel sample the usage of confocal microscopy, and the microscope turned into concentrated on 2 × 2 and four × four panels, that have been tiled (bottom panel).
    Full figure and legend (386K)
    additional organs were extracted and extra cleared by PARS-mPACT and mPACT. PARS-PACT, PARS-mPACT and mPACT processing of the kidney all resulted in clearing after 23 days (determine 5c). The spleen, parotid gland, pancreas and entire lung cleared after approximately 15–19 days (Figures 5d–g). In each rats and guinea pigs, the heart cleared after sixteen days (determine 5h). The salivary gland and entire genital organs cleared after about 18–20 days (Figures 5i and j). eventually, the whole liver cleared after 23 days (determine 5k and Supplementary desk 1). furthermore, we processed total blood vessel pictures in the entire organism, as well because the microvasculature of the rat spleen, the caudal lobe and the kidney (Figures 6b–d, and Supplementary videos 1 and a pair of).
    These results indicate that the PARS-mPACT clearing formula improves dimensional stability by means of twin processing, enabling clearing deep within enormous and pigmented organs.
    Clearing of rat bone the use of a PARS-mPACT-primarily based components
    To enable for the clearance of rat bone and subsequent imaging of important blood vessels in decalcified bone samples, we developed a whole perfusion-based PARS-deCAL-mPACT fusion components. This technique facilitated passive clearing of the tibia bones through PARS, mPACT and deCAL. For this formulation, the leg bone turned into removed from the muscle and decalcified for 15 days as an intermediate step and then mPACT components was used (figure 1). Our look at efficaciously generated a clear rat leg bone (determine 7a) and bought z-stack pictures of the blood vessel pattern of the sagittal facets of the tibia and fibula (Figures 7b–d and Supplementary movies three and 4), as well a cross-element of the tibia (Supplementary determine four). These experiments reveal that the PARS-mPACT method can be used to generate transparent models of any bone by using complete perfusion, expanding the opportunities for 3D anatomical analysis.
    figure 7. Clearing and visualization of the bone. (a) Optical transparency of an grownup rat appropriate leg bone following PARS-deCAL-mPACT. Left, the uncleared bone before the PARS formula. center panel, decalcification 15 days later. right, the bone cleared with eight% SDS solution for 20 days changed into imaged with a black move lattice (width 5 mm) as the history. The pink arrows certainly point out the regions of the fibula and tibia. The PARS-deCAL-mPACT-cleared grownup rat leg bone turned into stained with anti-CD31 primary antibody to label blood vessels. (b) The connecting vicinity of the fibula and tibia is indicated by using a purple arrow in (a) in obtained serial single z-pictures (z=a hundred–800 μm, red color) of sixty four (eight × 8, horizontal × vertical tiles) confocal tile scan pictures. (c, d) Fibula, serial single z-images (z=50–four hundred μm, pink color) of 30 (3 × 10, horizontal × vertical tiles) tiled scan photos and 3D projection image z-stack (z=a hundred and ten μm and 600 μm imaging stack depth, yellow color) got the usage of a × 10 aim lens. The transparency of the cleared bone turned into evident towards a patterned historical past (length:width=5 mm:5 mm).
    Full figure and legend (306K) proper of page dialogue
    The PACT has proven helpful for investigating the pathology of intact organs; however, this technique has a number of shortcomings.9, 10 however PACTs require constrained equipment and minimal palms-on processing time, they require long time to achieve maximal tissue clarity. in the latest analyze, we have been capable of generate mPACT protocols that drastically reduced the time required for tissue clearing (Supplementary desk 2). This look at correctly established a modified psPACT formulation that makes it possible for hydrogel tissue processing of tissue in a blended solution of reagents. The benefits of such an approach include especially quick clearing, soft tissue gelation and less hurt to tissues. furthermore, this analyze additionally developed a 2d modified formula that enables deep visualization within cleared tissues with none hurt; this formula, named mPACT, contains the addition of α-thioglycerol to the 8% SDS clearing answer. furthermore, youngsters outdated reports have performed clearing of the mind, none have pronounced clearing of the entire mouse CNS. making use of PACT formula to the entire mouse CNS permits visualization of the entire neural network the usage of 3D imaging.
    The consequences tested that mPACT allows high-decision imaging of cleared total CNS tissue and different mouse organs. This components additionally decreased the clearing time to approximately 5–10 days for each and every organ in comparison with the longer clearing time required via the usual PACT formulation. We compared the clearance of four-mm thick rat mind slices the use of three strategies and found that the mPACT formulation carried out maximal tissue clearing within the shortest time. For the primary time, we generated an optically transparent mannequin of a whole rodent CNS with an intact brain and spinal wire the use of passive clearing.
    This study CNS additionally established the applicability of the psPACT and mPACT methods for clearing quite a few inside organs, together with the entire liver, lung, coronary heart, stoma, salivary glands and pancreas. We optimized the parameters for achieving efficient and consistent tissue clearing and developed reliable and rapid tissue-clearing conditions with out using electrolysis.
    Our examine also generated a clear model of mouse embryos of distinct developmental stages (E.9.5–E.13.5) the use of the mPACT formulation and visualized blood vessel patterns inside the notochord. The mPACT protocol all of a sudden cleared complete organs and required minimal clearing time. in addition, such models may well be used to verify the epigenetic elements of expression and the methylation popularity of melanoma in transgenic embryos.12, 13, 14, 15
    The entire perfusion approach changed into a vital step within the majority of in the past stated tissue-clearing suggestions.eleven Cardiac perfusion enables the deep infusion of reagents into target tissues in rodents. in keeping with this feature, the PARS method enabled the entire-physique clearing of mice through whole-organ perfusion.9 We included the sturdy features of PARS for more efficient clearing of rat organs and modified it to boost an more desirable mPACT approach hereby referred to as PARS-mPACT. using the PARS-mPACT components, we generated transparent models of the entire CNS and plenty of inside organs, together with the complete kidney, spleen, pancreas, parotid gland, lung, coronary heart, salivary gland, genital organs and entire liver of grownup rats and guinea pigs. We determined the greatest experimental situations and in comparison the clarity of samples processed by means of PARS-mPACT and mPACT alone. With the PARS components, the complete rat CNS and numerous other inside organs had been cleared with out giant compromises in tissue integrity. We speculated that it might possibly be possible to achieve further bone transparency using passive clearing options. a fast bone-clearing technique called PACT-deCAL turned into currently described.10 Our analyze tried to completely eradicate calcium salt from bone prior to tissue clearing via applying a deCAL method to PARS-mPACT, and we efficaciously cleared the bone. We named this system PARS-deCAL-mPACT and used it to picture 3D blood vessel patterns. Our consequences have been similar to these obtained with the PACT-deCAL system.10 despite the fact the PARS-deCAL-mPACT formula became optimized for microstructure steadiness of bone tissue following bone clearing through whole perfusion using recommendations such as the PARS formula, the decalcified bone later confirmed some hurt, implying that extra optimization is required to obtain greatest bone clearing whereas preserving a solid bone structure.
    The mPACT system blanketed a lipid wash out of the CNS and a lot of organs, which resulted in changes in transparency and tissue balance between the everyday PACT and mPACT strategies. in addition, our effects suggest a magnificent investigative tool for blood vessel networks in organs using 3D evaluation of organs in experimental animals. furthermore, mPACT helps the fast examination of 3D morphological and therapeutic elements of surgical animal ailment models and might be used to help within the investigation of scientific situations, comparable to critical injury, malformation, tumors and cancers of numerous organs.
    In conclusion, our mPACT formulation vastly improves the optical transparency of tissues, is quicker than traditional passive clearing methods and requires restricted gadget and minimal fingers-on processing time. Our statistics imply that mPACT and PARS-mPACT could aid to give access to stereoscopic multiscale assistance in order to expand present figuring out of health and disorder.
    desirable of web page battle of activity
    The authors declare no conflict of hobby.
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  • proper of page Acknowledgements
    We thank Professor Sung-Wook Kuh, Professor Jeong-Yoon Park, Dr Zahid Hussain on the Yonsei tuition school of drugs and Eunice Yoojin Lee at the Columbia college faculty of Physicians and Surgeons for their positive feedback on this manuscript. This work changed into supported by way of the brain Korea 21 PLUS mission for clinical Science, Yonsei school. in addition, this work was supported with the aid of a grant from the Interalia groundwork (6-2013-0161).
    author contributions
    JW conceived the mPACT and PARS-mPACT strategies and designed all experiments. JW and ML designed and carried out multiplexed staining and imaging experiments. HP contributed to the read CNSability experiments. JW and JS wrote the manuscript. YC supervised all facets of the work.
    This work is licensed beneath a artistic Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 foreign License. The photos or other third birthday celebration cloth listed here are protected within the article’s inventive Commons license, until indicated in any other case in the credit score line; if the fabric isn't blanketed below the inventive Commons license, users will need to achieve permission from the license holder to reproduce the fabric. To view a duplicate of this license, talk over with http://creativecommons.org/licenses/with the aid of-nc-nd/four.0/.



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A These options have now been added to the CMA SmartDashboard in the IPS tab B The Merge and Override options are not supported in R71 C The options are available in Global Smart Dash boad / IPS tab in Profiles options D From the Provider-1 Properties in MDG, select the Global Policies tab and enable the check box 'Enable legacy SmartDefense merging options' Answer: B QUESTION: 171 You are the responsible administrator for two customers managed by your MSP You must configure each CMA with local objects as well as rules You have to configure the IPS accordingly In addition, you will configure and assign Global Rules for your customers What minimum rights do you need at the MDS? A Provider Superuser B Customer Manager C Customer Superuser D Global Manager Answer: D QUESTION: 172 One of your customers will not renew their subscription for the IPS Software Blade, and decides to cancel their subscription early What happens if they don't allow the IPS service to expire? A When the subscription has ended, the IPS falls back to run only checks that were active with the first version published B Since the customer is still subscribed to IPS service via MDG, all things run as before The MSP has to take care that customers will renew their subscription C New updates are not possible after the IPS service blade has ended, but all checks being downloaded before are still configured and active D IPS update service is free of charge and therefore there is no time limit for it Answer: A QUESTION: 173 You manage several customers with Multi-Domain Management with Provider-1 Two of the customers need to be connected via a global VPN using VPN Communities in a Global Rule In the MDG, you configure both Gateways to be enabled for Global use Then you define a Global VPN Community in the Global SmartDashboard How do you configure a rule so that encrypted HTTP traffic is accepted between the corresponding Gateways? A In the menu of the Global SmartDashboard, select Policy > Convert To Simplified Mode, follow the Wizard and define a rule accepting HTTP traffic that fits to the community listed in the column VPN B It's possible to define Global VPN Communities, but it is not possible to use them in a Global Rule Base C In the Global SmartDashboard, define a rule accepting the wanted traffic In the column VPN select the VPN community y5o8u have defined D After having defined a Global VPN Community, the Global Rule Base needs to be assigned to both customers The VPN can only be defined in each (local) CMA individually Answer: A QUESTION: 174 Steve is the Multi-Domain Management with Provider-1 Superuser of an MSP having a Provider-1 R71 environment with 2 MDS Manager systems, 4 MDS Containers and 2 MLM's One of the customers of the MSP requires redundancy for the CMA's Steve has already added a secondary CMA, but the customer insists on having one more CMA What is the best way to do this? A Steve can add a third CMA on the same MDS as the secondary CMA as a single customer can only use up to two MDS Containers for CMA's B Provider-1 only supports 2 CMA's per customer, so Steve will have to install a Security Management Server for backing up the CMA C This is not possible as Provider-1 supports only one backup / secondary CMA D Steve can add a third CMA on another MDS Container Answer: D QUESTION: 175 Select the correct statement about the following Multi-Domain Management with Provider-1environment example A This will never work because all the MDS containers must be on the same LAN and it is also a license violation B This setup will not work as the MDS Co5n9tainer-HA can only host CMA-HA's C This will not work as the number of CMA-HA's must be equal to the number of primary CMA's D This setup will work without any issues as Provider-1 supports a mix of Primary and Secondary CMA's on the same MDS Container as long as they are of different customers Answer: D QUESTION: 176 In Multi-Domain Management with Provider-1 R71, the Security Management backup server can be installed on: A any platform where Security Management Server is supported B any platform where Security Management Server is supported except Windows or Nokia IPSO C SecurePlatform or Windows Server D only SecurePlatform Pro Answer: B QUESTION: 177 As in the example below, MDS-ManagerAndContainer is Active whereas MDS-Manager2 is in Standby mode If a Multi-Domain Management with Provider-1 Superuser logs into MDS- ManagerAndContainer in Read/Write mode using the MDG while the first user is still logged in, and another Provider-1 Superuser tries to log in to MDS-Manager2, what will happen? The second user will: A get an application error and the MDG will close B get a message informing him that another user is logged in with Read/Write access Hence, he will be allowed to log in with Read-Only access C also be allowed to log in through the MDG in Read/Write mode and they can both make changes to the Provider-1 configuration within the MDG D get a message informing him that another user is logged in with Read/Write access, and an option to disconnect the first user will be given QUESTION: 178 Which of the following is the correct syntax for mirroring all CMA's from FirstMDS to SecondMDS? A cma_mirror_all -s FirstMDS -t SecondMDS B p1shell/mirrorcma -s FirstMDS -t SecondMDS -c 2 C mdscmd mirrorcma -s FirstMDS -t SecondMDS -c 2 D mirrorcma -s FirstMDS -t SecondMDS -c 2 Answer: C QUESTION: 179 Let's assume that your Multi-Domain Management with Provider-1 configuration has only one MDS You want the installation to be redundant, so you decide to set up a secondary MDS Container and Manager While completing the installation, you need to provide the activation key The installation is completed after a reboot The final steps are taken with the MDG connecting to the primary MDS Which of the following statements is TRUE? A When the activation key is provided, synchronization at MDS as well as CMA level is started automatically B The first step is to define the secondary MDS in the MDG and to provide the activation key After this is done, it is not possible to synchronize at MDS level only because only the complete configuration of a MDS can be synchronized (including all CMAs) C Before synchronization can start, both the activation key and performing an Install Database are necessary D When the secondary MDS is defined in the MDG and the activation key has been correct, synchronization at the MDS level can be started immediately Answer: D QUESTION: 180 NetSec MSP has Multi-Domain Management with Provider-1 R71 in their New York network They have 1 MDS Manager and 1 MDS Container on a Solaris server with 10 CMA's NetSec has recently setup a network in Dallas and wants to use the Provider-1 MDS Container hosting backup CMA's for all the 10 customers The management is not in favor of buying a Solaris Server, hence they are asking if they can use SecurePlatform on Intel hardware How can NetSec implement this requirement? SecurePlatform in Dallas and then associate the two to enable High Availability' B As it is not possible to have a secondary CMA on a different operating system, NetSec will have to install 10 Security Management Servers to backup the CMA's' C They can have the new Provider-1 R71 MDS Container on SecurePlatform and host all the secondary CMA's on this MDS; Provider-1 R71 HA supports different operating systems' D They will have to buy a Solaris Server to install the MDS Container and host the secondary CMA's on that as it is required for the HA systems to be running the same operating system and version' Answer: C QUESTION: 181 When importing the configuration of a Management Server, the CMA is also imported The name of the CMA is the same name that the Management Server had before How do you configure a name change to the CMA before the CA is re- established again? A At the MDS, change to the corresponding CMA context using the mdsenv command Then issue the command fwm sic_reset to reset the CA completely B In the MDG, select the CMA you want to change With a right-click on the object, select edit and change the name in the window that opens C In the CLI of the MDS environment, issue the command fwm sic_reset You will be asked which SIC you want to reset Select the appropriate CMA and the name as well as the CMA will be changed D The name of a CMA cannot be changed by design because this name is used in certificates Answer: A QUESTION: 182 Importing an existing Management Server configuration into a MDS via CLI might be useful First, the new customer needs to be defined After having defined the CMA, an existing configuration can be imported How can this be done? A At the CLI of the MDS type\linecma_migrate B It is not possible to import a configuration using CLI This can only done using the MDG C At the CLI of the MDS type\linecma_migrate –s -t D At the CLI of the MDS type\linecma_migrate -t –s Answer: A CheckPoint 156-815-71 Exam (Check Point Certified Managed(R) Security Expert R71) Detailed Information Training & Certification Check Point offers a wide range of education programs, professional certifications and self-study resources developed in-house by Check Point security experts. Training is available from our global network of Authorized Training Centers (ATC). TRAINING CALENDAR FIND A TRAINING CENTER CERTIFICATION FAQ Training Together with our Authorized Training Centers, we offer comprehensive technical training and certifications for IT security professionals who deploy and manage Check Point Security solutions. Entry-level Security Awareness Text book and course covers important principles of CyberSecurity from a vendor neutral perspective. Concepts include issues of physical and document security along with data protection and recovery in the event of data or systems loss. Security Principles Associate Core Security Administrator Training Three-day course covers everything you need to start-up, configure and manage daily operations of Check Point Security Gateway and Management Software Blades systems on the GAiA operating system. Security Administrator R77.30 Security Administrator R80 Core Security Expert Training Advanced three-day course teaches how to build, modify, deploy and troubleshoot Check Point Security Systems on the GAiA operating system. Hands-on lab exercises teach how to debug firewall processes, optimize VPN performance and upgrade Management Servers. Security Engineering NextGen Security Training Learn how to deploy the latest cyber-security solutions to defend and prevent today’s evolving threats Threat Prevention Secure Web Gateway Advanced Security Training Learn to manage virtualized security in high-end networks and advanced security optimization techniques. MDSM with VSX Security Master Custom Training Certifications Check Point Certifications mean expertise with the technology that secures the internet for all Fortune and Global 100 companies. The benefits of becoming Check Point certified include the skills to support and sell Check Point products, 2-year expert access to our SecureKnowledge database and advanced product documentation. Getting Started: A Check Point UserCenter or PartnerMap account is required to receive certification benefits. You can create a new account at the User Center. If you are not sure about your account, please contact Account Services for verification. You also need a Pearson VUE account, and the email address should be the same as your UserCenter account. Check Point Certified Security Administrator (CCSA) R80 Essential certification for IT Admins who manage daily operations of Check Point Security solutions. Course Description and Exam Information Check Point Certified Security Administrator (CCSA) R77.30 Essential certification for IT Admins who manage daily operations of Check Point Security solutions. Course Description and Exam Information Check Point Certified Security Expert (CCSE) R77.30 The next level of certification proves troubleshooting skills and the ability to maximize the performance of security networks. Course Description and Exam Information Check Point Managed Security Expert (CCMSE) Advanced certification proves expertise in Multi-Domain Security Management with Virtual System Extension. Course Description and Exam Information Check Point Certified Security Master (CCSM) R77.30 Our most technical certification proves advanced use of time-saving commands to configure and troubleshoot Check Point Security Systems. GENERAL INQUIRIES Q: What is the difference between “Certification” and “Accreditation”? A: Check Point recognizes those professionals who have passed a rigorous, thorough examination process with a “Certification”. Certifications are based on proctored exams derived from comprehensive job models and detailed instructional objectives. Accreditations are derived from product specific content exams delivered in a less formal examination setting and recognize an individual’s effort to stay current on the latest products. Q: What versions are available? A: Our Current certifications are based on R77.30 and the new R80. Q: How long will R77.30 be available? A: Current projections have the R77.30 exams retiring 3rd quarter 2017. Q: How long does a certification last? A: Certification, like security, must be kept current to be truly effective - which is why we strongly encourage you to constantly refresh and keep your certification current. Certifications expire after 24 months. Q: Where can I take a Check Point certification exam? A: Check Point professional certification exams are proctored through Pearson VUE, a third party testing vendor with over 3.500 locations worldwide. You can register for any Check Point exam and earn your certification by visiting Pearson VUE website and creating a Web Profile. Q: Do I have to take classes in order to take the exams? A: No, it is possible to take an exam with only your own experience or self-study using the Check Point courseware, but we highly recommend taking a class instead. Instructor-led training accelerates and focuses your learning, gives you hands-on experience and an opportunity to make mistakes in the lab, and is much more cost-effective than self-study in your spare time. CHECK POINT EDUCATION SERVICES CERTIFICATION FAQ Updated September 2016 2 Q: What certifications are available? A: Check Point certifications are structured around comprehensive job models for administration, engineering (Expert), enterprise management, and advanced systems (Security Master). Certifications include: Core Security courses establish a strong foundation in essential Check Point product knowledge and skills Certifications Related Courses Exams CCSPA Check Point Certified Security Principles Associate Principles of Network Security #156-110 CCSA Check Point Certified Security Administrator Check Point Security Administration #156-215 CCSE Check Point Certified Security Expert Check Point Security Administration #156-215 Check Point Security Engineering #156-315 Advanced Specializations recognize your proficiency and expertise in specific disciplines and technologies Certifications Related Courses Exams CCSM Check Point Certified Security Master Check Point Certified Security Master #156-115 CCMSE Check Point Managed Security Expert Multi-Domain Security Management with Virtual System Extension #156-820 Q: What are the prerequisites for each Check Point certification? A: Check Point certifications are designed to build upon the knowledge and skills of the previous courses, reinforcing lessons learned and extending your competencies with ever more complex and valuable skills. Certifications Prerequisites CCSPA Check Point Certified Security Principles Associate None CCSA R77 Check Point Certified Security Administrator R77 TCP/IP and routing fundamentals CCSA R80 Check Point Certified Security Administrator R80 TCP/IP and routing fundamentals CCSE R77 Check Point Certified Security Expert R77 CCSA R77 CCSE R77 Update Check Point Certified Security Expert R77 Any prior CCSE up to R65 CCSM Check Point Certified Security Master R77 CCSE R77 CCMSE R77 Check Point Managed Security Expert R77 CCSE R77 Updated September 2016 3 Q: What courses should I take to prepare for the exams? A: To help prepare for exams, you should consider the following corresponding courses: Core Security courses establish a strong foundation in essential Check Point product knowledge and skills Exams Courses Certifications #156-110 Principles of Network Security CCSPA Check Point Certified Security Principles Associate #156-215 Check Point Security Administration R80 CCSA R80 Check Point Certified Security Administrator R80 #156-215 Check Point Security Administration R77 CCSA R77 Check Point Certified Security Administrator R77 #156-215 Check Point Security Administration R77 CCSE R77 Check Point Certified Security Expert R77 #156-315 Check Point Security Engineering R77 #156-915 CCSE R77 Update CCSE R77 Update Check Point Certified Security Expert R77 Advanced Specializations recognize your proficiency and expertise in specific disciplines and technologies Exams Courses Certifications #156-115.77 Check Point Security Master R77 CCSM R77 Check Point Certified Security Master #156-820.77 Multi-Domain Security Management with Virtual System Extension CCMSE R77 Check Point Managed Security Expert R77 Q: Is study material available? A: Exam objectives are posted on the Education Services page for reference, but all official training materials are provided when you attend instructor-led training through one of our Authorized Training Center (ATC) partners. Q: Where can I find training classes? A: Courses are offered through our network of over 230 Authorized Training Centers (ATC) around the globe. Use our partner locator to find an ATC near you and sign up for training today! Q: Are classes available globally? A: Yes! We have Authorized Training Centers (ATC) in over 42 countries worldwide - just use our partner locator to find an ATC near you and sign up for training. If for any reason you can't find an ATC near you, send an email to us directly at training@checkpoint.com and ask about on-site training options. Q: How long are the classes recommended for certification exams? A: Check Point recommends minimum time frames for each course, but individual Authorized Training Centers (ATC) may choose to adjust the time to offer more 'intensive' courses or to cover topics in more detail. You should check with your local ATC for the exact length of each course to be sure the time fits your schedule. Updated September 2016 4 Q: I know that CCSA certification is a prerequisite for CCSE. Can I achieve a CCSE R80 certification with a CCSA R70 or later certification? A: No. Since R80 is a completely new product version with many new features, only CCSA R80 certification provides the background necessary to be a prerequisite to CCSE R80 certification. However, if you have a CCSE based on NGX or the Blade technology, you are eligible to take our upgrade exam #156-915 to earn your CCSE R80 certification. Q: When will my R77 certifications expire? A: Check Point Certifications are good for 24 months. Q: My R70 certifications have already expired. Do I need to start over with CCSA R80 to update to CCSE R80? A: Actually, you don’t. Even though your certification has expired, the eligibility for updates to the latest version has not. If you ever held a CCSE certification, you are eligible for the Update exam. Q: Why has the 156-915.77 exam been removed from the exam list? A: The 156-915.77 exam was retired as soon as the 156-915.80 exam was released. Check Point only offers updates to the latest version of the product. Q: How can I learn about updates in the Check Point Certified Professional Program? A: You can always find the latest information on our News and Updates page, including special offers on the most indemand courses and certifications. Back to top MY INFORMATION Q: Why is my Check Point Professional ID Number important? A: It represents your personal identification with Check Point Software Technologies and establishes proof of your certification. You are only allowed one Certified Professional ID number. Q: How do I get my Check Point Professional ID Number? A: It is assigned to you when you register with VUE for the first time to take an exam. It will be in the form CP00000nnnnn. Q: When do I use my Check Point Professional ID Number? A: Whenever you contact VUE to register for another exam session, and whenever you contact Check Point regarding any certification issue. Q: Why do I need to provide an email address? A: An email address is necessary in order to create your User Center account - your access point for certification benefits - as well as keep you up to date with any important changes or updates. Q: If I change jobs, will I still have access to my certification information and benefits? A: Yes! Your certification is yours. However, since your email address is based on your work email you will want to contact Account Services via accountservices@checkpoint.com to update your User Center account and request that your information be linked to your new email address. Q: How do I advise Check Point of any change of address or other relevant information? A: You can send your profile updates to accountservices@checkpoint.com. Back to top Updated September 2016 5 WHAT ABOUT THE BENEFITS Q: I just passed my exams. When can I expect to receive my certificate? A: Check Point now provides e-Certificates that you can access from your User Center profile. Once we receive your exam results we'll update your User Center account with your new credentials, giving you immediate access to your online benefits like Access to SecureKnowledge and your on-line Certification Profile. Q. How do I download the electronic copy of my certification? A: To download your certificate(s), please follow the instructions below. 1. Log into User Center at https://usercenter.checkpoint.com/usercenter/portal 2. Click "Assets/Info". 3. Click "My Certifications" under "My Info" option. 4. Click "Download" to the right of the certificate to open/save/print. a. Open to print. b. Save to print later. c. Cancel to do nothing. Q: What type of SecureKnowledge access do CCSA's get? A: Advanced Access for the duration of the CCSA contract. Q: What SecureKnowledge access does a CCSE get? A: Advanced Access for the duration of the CCSE contract. Q: What SecureKnowledge access does a CCSM get? A: Expert Access for the duration of the CCSM contract. Q: What SecureKnowledge access does a CCMSE get? A: Advanced Access for the duration of the CCMSE contract. Q: How do I access my benefits? A: By setting up a User Centre account based on the email address you used with VUE, you can have access to our Certified Professionals Only web site and to advanced features of Secure Knowledge. Please try the following: If you do not currently have a User Center account, please visit the following URL: https://usercenter.checkpoint.com/usercenter/index.jsp You may reference at the bottom of the page a section titled "New Customers": 1. Click on the hyperlink titled "Sign Up Now!" 2. Begin completing your profile. 3. Use the email ID provided VUE for testing. 4. Set your own password. Q: How do I find the Certified Professionals Only website? A: By clicking on the link https://www.checkpoint.com/services/education/cpo/index.html Q: Do I have access to Check Point online technical support? A: Yes. As a Certified Professional you have Advanced Access to SecureKnowledge, our online technical knowledge database with thousands of solutions, how to articles, and troubleshooting tips to solve your most difficult issues. Q: Are there logos associated with Check Point certifications? A: Yes. As a certified professional you have usage rights to the logo for your certification level. Logos for each Check Point certification are downloadable from the Certified Professional Only website. Updated September 2016 6 Q: Will becoming a Check Point Certified Professional improve my career or employment opportunities? A: Companies hire certified professionals to ensure maximum security and availability of valuable business assets, and know certified professionals are more efficient, productive, and deliver lower total cost of ownership from Check Point solutions. And as one of over 50,000 Check Point Certified Professionals worldwide, you'll get immediate recognition of your experience, knowledge, and abilities while investing in your professional development and security career. Q: Where do I go to access my benefits? A: All benefits are accessed through your User Center account. Create a User Center account now if you don't already have one. If you have any problems with creating your account and linking your certifications, contact accountservices@checkpoint.com Q: Why is my certification information not listed in my User Center account? A: Your certification information could not be listed in your User Center account for one of the following reasons: • We tried to activate your benefits but there was no User Center account with the email address we have on file for you. Please check to ensure that the email account you provided VUE for registration matches the email account you used to set up your User Center account. • The benefits you received from a certain Check Point certification have expired. • We might not have received your results from Pearson VUE. If you do not see your benefits or certification listed with your User Center account, send an email to accountservices@checkpoint.com and we'll try to resolve the issue for you. Q: What email address should be used when registering for an exam? A: It is important that the email address used when registering for an exam is the email address associated to your User Center profile. This ensures that all certifications are reflected within the User Center and the e-certificate can be downloaded via the account. Q: Can certifications get tied to an alias email address? A: All certifications must be tied to a person-specific email address. Q: How do I update the email address associated to my User Center profile? A: For assistance or the steps of how to update your email address online, please contact our Account Services department for assistance; accountservices@checkpoint.com. Q: What should I do if my Pearson VUE profile has the wrong email address? A: Please contact Pearson VUE for assistance; http://www.pearsonvue.com/checkpoint/contact/ Back to top TELL ME ABOUT THE EXAMS Q: What is the difference between “low stakes” and “high stakes” exams? A: All Check Point exams are delivered through Pearson VUE. “Low stakes” exams are those delivered over the Internet to your desktop. They do not require attendance at a Pearson VUE Authorized Testing Center (ATC). “High stakes” exams are only delivered at Pearson VUE Authorized Testing Centers (ATC) and delivery meets certain exacting compliance standards. Q: In what order should I take the exams? A: Courses, certifications, and exams are all designed to build on the lessons learned and develop your skills and knowledge, so we recommend starting with CCSA R77 and CCSE R77 to get a core security foundation. From there you can choose the specialization or area of expertise that best matches your job role or career goals. See the complete list of courses, exams, and prerequisites earlier in the FAQ for more information. Updated September 2016 7 Q: How much do the exams cost? A: Exams vary in price between US $150-$200, but exact pricing is available through Pearson VUE. Q: Where can I take a Check Point certification exam? A: Check Point exams are offered through Pearson VUE, a third party testing vendor with over 3,500 testing centers worldwide. Register for your exam at a testing location near you. Q: What is the format of the exams? A: The exams are composed of multiple choice and scenario questions. All questions are “Select the BEST answer” type questions. There are no multiple response. Q: How long are the exams? A: We use a 90-minute exam in all English-speaking countries. Non-English speaking countries receive an additional 30 minutes. Q: How do I know I am ready for an exam? A: If you are preparing for the CCSA certification and want to take the 156-215 exam, you can determine if you are ready by taking the 156-601 CCSA R77 practice exam. This exam presents 40 questions from a subset of the actual exam pool. Feedback is limited to providing the correct answer during the exam. If you are preparing to complete the CCSE certification and want to take the 156-315 exam, you can determine if you are ready by taking the 156-602 CCSE R77 practice exam. This exam presents 40 questions from a subset of the actual exam pool. Feedback is limited to providing the correct answer during the exam. Q: Are the Check Point certification exams adaptive? A: Check Point has no plans at this time to move into adaptive exams. Q: Do any of the exams contain questions where the correct answer relies on the selection of multiple responses, even though the exam doesn't indicate to check more than one? A: Although the instructions for each exam state that there is one BEST answer, in truth the best answer may be a combination of more than one in the final results. We do this to evaluate how each student reaches their conclusion and makes difficult choices, just like you will be faced with on the job. However, there is no partial credit for incorrectly marked questions. Q: Should I have experience with Check Point products before attempting to pass an exam? A: Surveys of certified professionals suggest that a candidate have one to two years’ experience with the product in a production environment before attempting the CCSA certification. Since that isn’t practical in today’s environment, we recommend six months after training. A similar interval trended when studying the Engineering tasks of a certified CCSE professional. We recommend one year. The new Check Point Security Master certification job profile suggests five years’ experience before challenging the exam. Of course, this varies by individual. Q: Can I take the CCSA and CCSE exams on the same day? A: Yes, you can take the CCSA exam and later that same day, challenge the CCSE exam. Q: Does Check Point have an exam retake policy? A: Yes. If you fail an exam and want to retake it, the following applies: • Wait 24 hours after first unsuccessful attempt • Wait 30 days after each subsequent attempt thereafter Note: Once you pass an exam you cannot take it again. Updated September 2016 8 Q: I have taken the exam twice, and scored exactly the same thing. How is this possible? Is there a problem with the exam or the testing software? A: This is actually quite common, and indicates how reliable Check Point's exams are in testing your knowledge and skills. To create the best certification exams, we focus on consistency and on how an exam will measure competencies. There is a related learning/testing condition called "plateauing". Let's say you've studied hard, practiced the labs and exercises, and absorbed all you can through the current study approach. Studies and experience show you will consistently score the same regardless how much you review the material beyond that point. In this case the best solution for you would be to take a different study approach to gain new insight, and retain more knowledge than you would in just one method - we suggest taking an additional class, or working through some different practice exercises. Q: Does Check Point penalize incorrect answers? A: Check Point does not subtract points from your score for answering a question incorrectly. You will simply not get credit for that question. When taking one of our exams, answer as many questions as you can, even if you are not certain of your answer. Back to top MAINTAINING CURRENCY Q: I wanted to extend my certification by retaking my last exam but got the information from Pearson VUE that I’m not allowed to do so because I’ve already finished that. How do I extend my certification? A: Check Point policy is that you do not retake an exam you have already passed. You either update or upgrade. Ideally, the best course is to take the next higher exam. Q: What is the difference between “Inactive” and “Valid”? A: “Inactive” means that a candidate has not kept their certifications current in an aggressive threat environment. All professional certifications - those taken in a proctored exam environment - are good for, or considered “Current”, for two years. “Valid” refers to the candidate actually having met the requirements for Certification. Q: What are Continuing Education Credits? A: Check Point values lifelong learning. It is essential in an ever changing threat environment. Candidates can acquire Continuing Education Credits by participating in certain events, or by taking certain Low Stakes exams. Candidates are eligible to acquire two Continuing Education credits in a two year certification period Q: What low stakes exams are eligible for Continuing Education Credits? A: Where Check Points High stakes professional exams are primarily focused on performance-based questions, lowstakes exams are focused more on product knowledge and product features. Currently, on the Pearson VUE exam site, the following low stakes exams are available: 156-728 – Gaia Overview 156-729 – Advanced IPS 156-730 – SandBlast 156-733 – Mobile Threat Prevention SE Any two of these will renew your current CCSE certification for one year 1. What are the pre-requisites for the CCSE R75 exam? CCSA R70 or CCSA 71 or CCSA R75. 2. How can I update my R65 certification? If you have any CCSA R60 certification, take the CCSA R70/71 Update Training Blade to update your CCSA certification. If you have a CCSE R60 certification, take the CCSE R70/71 Update Training Blade to update your CCSE certification. 3. How long is my certification valid? Check Point certifications are valid for 2 years. CCMAs are valid for 3 years. Any certification more than three (3) years old is not considered current. Certifications become inactive after five years. Your benefits may be suspended if your certification is not current. Your certification can be maintained with annual continuing education credits. 4. What are ‘continuing education credits’? Continuing education credits help you maintain Check Point certifications without starting over with every product release. Continuing education credits can be earned in a variety of ways like completing shorter training lessons (Training Blades), by participating in our test development process, and even attending CPX. 5. What are the pre-requisites for CCMA? CCSE is mandatory; CCMSE is suggested. 6. Do you have a test-out option? Though highly recommended, it is not a requirement to attend a training course before challenging the exam. You may test at any time, however it is advised you spend at least 6 months working with Check Point products before attempting to achieve certification. 7. Are study materials available? Free study guides and practice exams are available for download at http://www.checkpoint.com/services/education/index.html#resources. Courseware can be purchased on our eStore and Training is available from an ATC. 8. How soon can I re-take an exam if I fail? If you fail an exam you must wait 24 hours before your 2nd attempt, and 30 days for the 3rd attempt. Once you pass a test you cannot take it again for a higher score. 9. Can I get exam insurance? Students automatically get a 50% re-take discount on any 2nd attempt of the CCSA and CCSE R75 exams. 10. I only failed by 1 point and based on my calculations I should have passed – what happened? The function of certification is to provide proof the Check Point Certified professional is qualified to protect the lifeblood of organizations – their data. Check Point takes this very seriously and we constantly strive to administer the most effective exams. Passing is calculated by comparing the number of questions answered correctly versus the number of questions answered incorrectly. Not all sections of the test are weighted equally. ©2012 Check Point Software Technologies Ltd. . Classification: [Unrestricted] — For everyone | P. 2 11. Can I take any R65 level exams? No, all R65 exams have been retired except for the Japanese versions. Our philosophy is to provide training and certification only for current technologies so our partners and customers will always benefit from the latest security advancements. 12. Where can I find more information about Check Point Certified Professionals? The Check Point Certified Professionals website and newsletter are a benefit which contain special information and resources that are not available to the public. 13. What happens when I pass my exam? When will I receive my Certificate? After you pass a Check Point exam at VUE, your exam results are uploaded. On the 15th and 30th, we process all certification results and order certification kits. It takes 6-8 weeks to receive your certificate. Your advanced access to Secure Knowledge and the Certified Professionals website is established once you achieve certification. 14. Why can’t I have more than one account at Pearson VUE test centers? Check Point only allows one Pearson VUE account to track your Check Point exams. If you change companies, please update the contact information in your Pearson VUE account instead of creating a new one so your Check Point certifications will follow you. You can verify your accounts with Customer Service here http://www.vue.com/checkpoint/contact/ 15. What happens if someone gets caught cheating? How do you prevent it? Every individual who takes an exam signs our Non-disclosure agreement. Anyone caught in the act of cheating or sharing exam items will have their Check Point certifications revoked for 2 years. All testing privileges and partner program participation will be deactivated during this time. Check Point collaborates with major technology companies to prevent cheating through test pattern analysis and distribution best practices. Together we identify and take legal action against unauthorized test centers and inaccurate “brain dump” sites. 16. What are the benefits of Check Point certification? Check Point Certified Professionals receive access to the Advanced SecureKnowledge base, Certified Professionals only website and quarterly newsletter for 2 years. Check Point Certified Master Architects (CCMA) receive 3 years Expert level access to SecureKnowledge. 17. How do I access my certification benefits? Make sure your Check Point User Center (UC) email address matches the email address registered with Pearson VUE. Your UC profile will automatically be updated with each certification, including advanced access to SecureKnowledge and the Certified Professionals only website. Check Point Certified Security Administrator (CCSA) R80 Today, managing security is a complex endeavor. The key to managing this complexity is through security consolidation – bringing all security protections and functions under one umbrella. With R80 management, security consolidation is fully realized. This three-day course covers everything you need to start-up, configure and manage the daily operations of your Check Point infrastructure with R80. TRAINING CALENDAR SCHEDULE YOUR EXAM SEARCH FOR YOUR LOCAL ATC Course Description Learn How To Install R80 management and a security gateway in a distributed environment Configure objects, rules, and settings to define a security policy Work with multiple concurrent administrators and define permission profiles Configure a Virtual Private Network and work with Check Point clustering Perform periodic administrator tasks as specified in administrator job descriptions Prerequisites Basic knowledge of networking 6 months to 1 year of experience with Check Point products recommended How You Will Benefit Be prepared to defend against network threats Evaluate existing security policies and optimize the rule base Manage user access to corporate LANs Monitor suspicious network activities and analyze attacks Troubleshoot network connections Implement Check Point backup techniques Exam Information Exam# 156-215.80 What You Need To Know Check Point Technology Overview Security Policy Management Monitoring Traffic and Connections Network Address Translations Basic Concepts of VPN Managing User Access Working with ClusterXL Administrator Task Implementation Prerequisites 6 months to 1 year of experience with Check Point products recommended Check Point User Center account Pearson VUE Test Center account How You Will Benefit CCSA’s rank higher than other security vendor professionals Validation you have the skills to implement the latest network security advancements Certified Professionals community, newsletter and special web access Check Point Certified Security Administrator (CCSA) R77.30 Advance your knowledge on the GAiA operating system! 3-day course covers everything you need to start-up, configure and manage daily operations of Check Point Security Gateway and Management Software Blades systems on the GAiA operating system. TRAINING CALENDAR SCHEDULE YOUR EXAM SEARCH FOR YOUR LOCAL ATC DOWNLOAD STUDY GUIDE Course Description Learn How To Install the security gateway in a distributed environment Configure rules on Web and Gateway servers Create a basic rule base in SmartDashboard and assign permissions Schedule backups and seamless upgrades with minimal downtime Monitor and troubleshoot IPS and common network traffic Prerequisites Basic knowledge of networking Windows Server and/or UNIX skills Internet and TCP/IP experience How You Will Benefit Be prepared to defend against network threats Evaluate existing security policies and optimize the rule base Manage user access to corporate LANs Monitor suspicious network activities and analyze attacks Troubleshoot network connections Protect email and messaging content Exam Information Exam# 156-215.77 What You Need To Know Check Point Technology Overview Deployment Platforms and Security Policies Monitoring Traffic and Connections Network Address Translations User Management and Authentication Using SmartUpdate Implementing Identity Awareness Configuring VPN tunnels Resolving security administration issues Prerequisites 6 months to 1 year of experience with Check Point products recommended Check Point User Center account VUE Test Center account How You Will Benefit CCSA’s rank higher than other security vendor professionals Validation you have the skills to implement the latest network security advancements Certified Professionals community, newsletter and special web access Security Engineering (Check Point Certified Security Expert (CCSE) R77.30) Advanced 3-day course teaches how to build, modify, deploy and troubleshoot Check Point Security Systems on the GAiA operating system. Hands-on lab exercises teach how to debug firewall processes, optimize VPN performance and upgrade Management Servers. See course description TRAINING CALENDAR SCHEDULE YOUR EXAM SEARCH FOR YOUR LOCAL ATC DOWNLOAD STUDY GUIDE Course Description Learn How To Backup your Security Gateway and Management Server Build, test and troubleshoot a clustered Security Gateway Upgrade and troubleshoot a Management Server Configure and maintain security acceletration solutions Manage, test and optimize corporate VPN tunnels Prerequisites Security Administration Course or CCSA certification (R70 or later) Windows Server, UNIX and networking skills and TCP/IP experience Certificate management and system adminstration How You Will Benefit Build, test and troublehoot numerous deployment scenarios Apply insider tips troubleshooting Check Point Security Systems Practice advanced upgrading techniques Migrate to a clustering security solution Create events for compliance reporting Manage internal and external access to corporate resources Exam Information EXAM #156-315.77 What You Need To Know Check Point Technology Overview Deployment Platforms and Security Policies Monitoring Traffic and Connections Network Address Translations User Management and Authentication Using SmartUpdate Implementing Identity Awareness Configuring VPN tunnels Resolving security administration issues Prerequisites CCSA Certification – R70 or later Check Point User Center account VUE Test Center account Get Ready Download the study guide Search for training from your local ATC Schedule your exam at VUE test centers Update Exam UPDATE EXAM #156-915.77 What You Need To Know If you have any CCSE certification, you can save time and maintain your certification with the CCSE Update exam! The CCSE Update only tests your knowledge on the latest product release. To prepare you should train or study the full CCSE course. Prerequisites CCSE Certification – any previous version Check Point User Center account VUE Test Center account MDSM with VSX (Multi-Domain Security Management with Virtual System Extension) 5-day advanced course teaches how to design, install, configure and manage Multi-Domain Security Management with Virtual System Extension. TRAINING CALENDAR SCHEDULE YOUR EXAM SEARCH FOR YOUR LOCAL ATC Course Description Learn How To Install, configure and troubleshoot Multi-Domain Security Managment Configure and implement a Global Policy Transition and consolidate physcial firewalls to a virtualized environment Prerequisites CCSE or equivalent experience Check Point User Center account VUE Test Center account How You Will Benefit Consolidate multiple firewalls onto a single management platform Convert a security management server to a domain management server Use advanced migration tools to quickly migrate existing configurations Apply common troubleshooting best practices Implement MDS High-Availaibility Exam Information Exam #156-820.77 What You Need To Know Install, configure and manage the MDM environment Discribe common deployment scenarios Describe the traffic inspection process Configure DMS High Availability Configure and implement a Global Policy Apply common troubleshooting practices Prerequisites CCSE R75 or later 6 months to 1 year of experience with Check Point products Check Point User Center account How You Will Benefit Check Point Certified Professionals rank higher than other security vendor professionals Validation you have the skills to manage enterprise security deployments Certified Professionals community, newsletter and special web access Check Point Certified Security Master (CCSM) R77.30 Our most advanced technical 3-day course teaches how to use advanced commands to configure and troubleshoot Check Point Security Systems. 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